Headquarters Academic Group

Conduct of the Data Gathering Activity
of the Academic Group Research Team

The Academic Group Research Team (AGRT) of the Headquarters, Academic Group conducted the evaluative research on the PMA Curriculum and its gaps in the Philippine setting. The activity aims to supports the achievement of PMA’s Vision that by 2028, PMA shall have reached the international standards for military academies in producing principled and competent military officers. The research project particularly endeavors to identify and/or define what constitutes “international standards,” primarily utilizing grounded theory in its approach.

The conduct of the evaluation of the PMA curriculum and its gaps in the Philippine setting formally commenced with the conduct of initial consultation meeting through Video Tele-Conferencing (VTC). Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations (J3); Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans (J5); and Deputy Chief of Staff for Education, Training and Doctrine (OJ8); including the counterparts of J5 and J8 in the different Major Services of AFP on 04 November 2022. During the consultation, the AGRT presented the proposal and solicited inputs and comments from the attendees for the improvement of the proposed research.

For the second phase of the research activity, AGRT visited the different education and training units of the AFP to initially determine the emerging trends in education and training in terms of curriculum design for military academy, training units, and training institutions and determine the existing practices of the Major Service Education and Training Units of the AFP in terms of education and training curriculum design vis-à-vis the emerging trends.

Key Informant Interviews (KKIs) were conducted via VTC from 07 to 08 November 2022 which were participated by the representatives of the counterparts of J5 and J8 in the different Major Services of AFP. During the KKI, the AGRT utilized the interview guide questions to gather the necessary information. Moreover, existing documents, policies and guidelines relevant to the research undertakings were requested from the representatives. These documents shall be utilized for further document analysis yet to be conducted.

To gather more relevant information about the topic, the AGRT conducted an on-site visit to the different Education and Training Units (ETUs) in the AFP on December 2022: OJ8 was visited last 07 December, Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC), PA was visited last 09 December, Naval Education, Training, and Doctrine Command (NETDC), PN was visited last 13 December, and the Air Education, Training, and Doctrine Command (AETDC), PAF was visited last 19 December.

During the visit, the team conducted a Focused Group Discussion (FGD) that sought to answer the following questions:

  1. What are the emerging trends in education and training in terms of curriculum design for military academy and training institutions?
  2. What are the existing practices of the selected military academies in terms of education and training curriculum design vis-à-vis the emerging trends?
  3. What are the similarities and/or differences in the practices among the selected military academies in terms of education and training curriculum design vis-à-vis the emerging trends?
  4. What is the current status of the PMA curriculum in relation to the practices of the different foreign military academies vis-à-vis the emerging trends for military education and training?
  5. How does PMA ensure the implementation of academic and military training standards in terms of its relevance and effectiveness for it to be on a par with foreign military academies?

 

The FGD proved fruitful in gathering relevant information especially on how ETUs shaped their curriculum and how they manage the education and training in their respective units. Moreover, it was observed that there are peculiarities in the designing and implementation of their programs. Nevertheless, they ensure quality and standards in their education and training.